Company research completed on the addictiveness, the nicotine content and the yields of NZ cigarettes supports the need for a national nicotine reduction policy


2008. Scragg R, Wellman R, Laugesen M. DiFranza J. ‘Diminished Autonomy over Tobacco Can Appear With the First Cigarettes’ Addictive Behaviours 2008. Doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.12.002 . Abstract on (search under author) Full text at

1997 Blakely T, Laugesen M, Symons R, Fellows K. New Zealand cigarettes have a high nicotine content. NZ Public Hlth Rep. 1997; 4: 33-4.

1994-2006. Laugesen M. Manufacturers’ returns to the Ministry of Health. Reports to the Ministry of Health. Analysed annually by Health New Zealand. These returns show virtually unchanged nicotine yields from cigarettes.







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