Health New Zealand’s
nutrition research is built around….
International Food and Nutrition database
Health New Zealand’s
International Food and Nutrition database is a commercial database,
combining over 70 FAO food categories, their food composition, and over 110
nutritional descriptors to estimate food and nutrition supply per capita.
This is constructed in the form of three layers of Excel worksheets. Each
worksheet contains all the countries and years.
The first sheet captures the supply of over 70 basic foods in
kg/capita per year available from FAO food balance tables. www.fao.org
The second sheet contains the food composition tables, derived
from the UK MAFF Food Composition (McCance and Widdowson). Here Sheet 1 values convert to
grams per capita per day of edible food.
The third sheet converts sheet 2 values to 110 nutritional
descriptors to estimate nutrition supply per capita per day.
Countries included are:
Countries 1 to 24: 24 OECD countries – Nordic
countries (Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland), West European
(Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal,
Spain, Switzerland, UK), North America (Canada, USA, Mexico), Japan,
Australia and New Zealand, and Turkey
Countries 1 to 29: The above + 5
others: Hong Kong, Hungary,
Countries 1 to 58: The above 29, +
these for which data is entered for 1995 and 2000 only: Albania, Algeria,
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Estonia, Ethiopia, Georgia,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Kuwait, Rep of Korea, Latvia, Lebanon,
Malaysia, Malta, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru,
Romania, Russia, South Africa, Uruguay, Uzbekistan
The database has been used in the nutrition publications listed on this
Full data means full data for every fifth year: 1961, 1965, 1970, 1975,
1980, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2000.
The food and nutrition database estimates nutritional intake by
combining the FAO data, food composition data and edibility data for each
food group, then adding the results from all food groups. To purchase: orderform.htm
Figure 1. Butter consumption 56
countries, 1995. (from the food section of the HNZ database):
had the highest per capita food supply availability of butter in 1995.
Butter consumption has decreased since 1995, in New
Zealand, and in many other countries
Figure 2. Trends in saturated fat in the NZ food supply 1995 to
2002, by source food.
the nutrition section of the HNZ database):
Between 1995 and 2002, dramatic decreases occurred in saturated fat
derived from butter, beef and sheepmeat
entering the New Zealand
food supply. These food supply data do not fully reflect trimming of fat
before retail sale.
Figure 3. The atherogenicity index, based on the
configuration of fats in the food supply in New Zealand, the United States,
and Greece.1 (from the nutrition section of the Health New
1 Ulbricht T, Southgate DT. Coronary heart disease: seven dietary
factors. Lancet 1991; 338:
While most Western countries gradually changed their
diet to reduce heart disease, the Mediterranean diet of Greece
became more westernized.