Nutrition research

Health New Zealand’s nutrition research is built around….

October 2006

Health New Zealand’s International Food and Nutrition database

Health New Zealand’s International Food and Nutrition database is a commercial database, combining over 70 FAO food categories, their food composition, and over 110 nutritional descriptors to estimate food and nutrition supply per capita.

This is constructed in the form of three layers of Excel worksheets. Each worksheet contains all the countries and years.

The first sheet captures the supply of over 70 basic foods in kg/capita per year available from FAO food balance tables. www.fao.org

The second sheet contains the food composition tables, derived from the UK MAFF Food Composition (McCance and Widdowson). Here Sheet 1 values convert to grams per capita per day of edible food.

The third sheet converts sheet 2 values to 110 nutritional descriptors to estimate nutrition supply per capita per day.

Countries included are:

Countries 1 to 24: 24 OECD countries – Nordic countries (Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland), West European (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, UK), North America (Canada, USA, Mexico), Japan, Australia and New Zealand, and Turkey

Countries 1 to 29: The above + 5 others: Hong Kong, Hungary, Israel, Sri Lanka, Thailand.

Countries 1 to 58: The above 29, + these for which data is entered for 1995 and 2000 only: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Estonia, Ethiopia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Kuwait, Rep of Korea, Latvia, Lebanon, Malaysia, Malta, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Uruguay, Uzbekistan

The database has been used in the nutrition publications listed on this website. nutpubs.htm

Full data means full data for every fifth year: 1961, 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2000.

The food and nutrition database estimates nutritional intake by combining the FAO data, food composition data and edibility data for each food group, then adding the results from all food groups. To purchase: orderform.htm


Figure 1. Butter consumption 56 countries, 1995. (from the food section of the HNZ database):

Butter consumption 56 countries - 1995

New Zealand had the highest per capita food supply availability of butter in 1995. Butter consumption has decreased since 1995, in New Zealand, and in many other countries also.

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Figure 2. Trends in saturated fat in the NZ food supply 1995 to 2002, by source food.

(from the nutrition section of the HNZ database):

Trends in saturated fat in the NZ food supply 1995 to 2002

Between 1995 and 2002, dramatic decreases occurred in saturated fat derived from butter, beef and sheepmeat entering the New Zealand food supply. These food supply data do not fully reflect trimming of fat before retail sale.

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Figure 3. The atherogenicity index, based on the configuration of fats in the food supply in New Zealand, the United States, and Greece.1 (from the nutrition section of the Health New Zealand database):

The atherogenicity index, based on the configuration of fats in the food supply in New Zealand, the United States, and Greece

1 Ulbricht T, Southgate DT. Coronary heart disease: seven dietary factors. Lancet 1991; 338: 985-92.

 

While most Western countries gradually changed their diet to reduce heart disease, the Mediterranean diet of Greece became more westernized.

Copyright Health New Zealand 2006. All rights reserved.